Lines and Wrinkles

What Causes Facial Lines and Wrinkles?

  • Ageing: The natural aging process leads to a gradual decline in the production of collagen and elastin—proteins responsible for skin elasticity and firmness. As these structural components diminish, the skin becomes more prone to developing lines and wrinkles.

  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays accelerates the breakdown of collagen and elastin fibres in the skin. Sun damage, also called photodamage, is a major contributor to premature aging, leading to the formation of fine lines and deep wrinkles.

  • Facial Expressions: Repetitive facial movements, such as smiling, frowning, and squinting, can contribute to the development of dynamic wrinkles. Over time, these expressions can create lines in areas where the skin folds during movement. Sleeping on the same side over years can also cause asymmetrical compression lines on the face.

  • Dehydration: Inadequate hydration can result in dry, lacklustre skin, emphasizing the appearance of fine lines.

  • Smoking: Tobacco smoke contains harmful chemicals that accelerate the aging process of the skin. Smoking contributes to the breakdown of collagen and elastin, leading to premature wrinkles, especially around the mouth. You can always tell if someone is a smoker by their skin!

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Effective Treatments for Facial Lines and Wrinkles

  • Botulinum Toxin (Botox): Botox injections temporarily relax facial muscles, preventing the formation of dynamic wrinkles. It is particularly effective for treating crow's feet, forehead lines, and frown lines, but be used in a surprising variety of ways around the whole face and neck.

  • Dermal Fillers: Dr Sarah only uses hyaluronic acid based injectable fillers, to restore volume to areas affected by wrinkles, providing a smoother and more youthful appearance.

  • Microneedling: Microneedling, or collagen induction therapy, uses tiny needles to create controlled micro-injuries in the skin. This stimulates collagen production and can improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles. This can further be enhanced using exosomes.

  • Polynucleotides: At the forefront of regenerative medicine, this novel injectable contains fragments of DNA which act as messenger signals on skin to trigger cell regeneration. It harnesses the body’s own healing mechanisms to rejuvenate the skin and can help improve the appearance of lines.

  • Skin booster: Dr Sarah offers Sunekos, which is essentially injectable moisturisers to rejuvenate the skin and improve skin quality and laxity. They also stimulate the body to produce more of its own collagen and elastin and have been shown to have some anti-pigment effects.

  • Chemical Peels: Chemical peels involve the application of a chemical solution to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin. This process can reduce the appearance of fine lines and promote a more even skin tone.

  • Medical Grade Skincare Routine: A comprehensive skincare routine that includes a personalised programme of actives and sunscreen can help maintain skin health and prevent further wrinkle development. Dr Sarah can guide you to a wide variety of carefully curated skincare brands including Alumier, SkinBetter and Neostrata to get the best out of your skin.